Brain stem auditory evoked potentials from bone stimulation in dogs.
Brain stem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) testing with air-conducted click stimuli can be used to diagnose sensorineural deafness in dogs if conductive deafness can be ruled out. Detection of conductive deafness can be performed by recording BAEP elicited by a vibratory stimulus transducer placed against the skull. Air- and bone-conducted BAEP were compared in dogs, varying bone stimulator placement, click polarity, and stimulus intensity. Optimal bone stimulator placement was determined to be over the mastoid process, followed by the mandible and the zygomatic arch. Condensation polarity clicks gave responses preferable to those elicited by rarefaction or alternating polarity. Bone-conducted BAEP peak latencies were significantly longer than air-conducted latencies after correction of the latencies for the air conduction time accompanying air-conducted stimuli. Significant differences between stimulus modalities were not seen for BAEP peak amplitudes or interpeak latencies. Latency-intensity and amplitude-intensity regressions had similar effects for both modalities: latencies decreased and amplitudes increased as stimulus intensity increased.
American Journal of Veterinary Research
Strain, G. M., Green, K. D., Twedt, A. C., and Tedford, B. L. (1993). Brain stem auditory evoked potentials from bone stimulation in dogs. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 54(11): 1817-1821.