Characteristics of biomass in flameless combustion: A review
The demands of energy and pollutant emissions reduction have motivated the combustion researchers to work on combustion improvement. Flameless combustion or high temperature air combustion has many features such as flame stability, low pollutant emission and uniform profiles of temperature compared to the other modes of combustion. Combustion of solid fuels likes biomass and wastes in flameless combustion conditions has not been investigated as comprehensive as combustion of gaseous fuels. The aim of using biomass in combustion is to reduce the pollutant emissions and to decrease the rate of fossil fuel consumption. In this review, combustion characteristics of biomass in flameless combustion are explained. The paper summarizes the research on the mass loss, ignition time, and NOx emissions during biomass flameless combustion. These summaries show that biomass under flameless combustion gives low pollutant emissions, low mass loss and it decreases the ignition time. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Abuelnuor, A., Wahid, M., Hosseini, S. E., Saat, A., Saqr, K., Sait, H., & Abdalla, M. (2014). Characteristics of biomass in flameless combustion: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 33: 363-370. Doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2014.01.079.