Date of Award

Spring 5-2020

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education in School Leadership


Center for Leadership & Learning


College of Education

Committee Chair

Dr. Wayne Williams

Second Committee Member

Dr. John Freeman

Third Committee Member

Dr. Mary Guinn

Program Director

Dr. John Freeman

Dean of Graduate College

Dr. Richard Schoephoerster


The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of in-school suspension and out of school suspension on the academic performance of seventh-grade students, as measured by the ACT Aspire. This study was motivated by the assumption that out of classroom time and out of school time has an impact on student learning. It was further assumed that direct instruction from the classroom teacher would enhance students’ learning; and, therefore, suspensions would have a negative impact on student achievement. This quantitative causal-comparative study used four research questions to examine the relationship between suspensions and academic performance of middle school students. The study relied on the archived ACT Aspire results and disciplinary data from one middle school in the Little Rock School District from the 2017-2018 school year. The study used ANOVAs to determine the statistical significance of the hypothesized relationship at p